Like a lot of people, I’m dissatisfied with the choices offered by both major parties. As politics has become more partisan, the two parties have given up on putting forth platforms that address what I consider our country’s common good. Neither party wants to offer a vision of freedom and prosperity shared by all Americans.
The Democratic Party is a tightly controlled political machine, representing an assortment of interest groups with a vision of the public good overdetermined by identity politics.
The Republican Party, meanwhile, has adopted a strategy aimed at activating and agitating its political base through uncompromising, irresponsible political maneuvers. Although the tactic has produced some electoral success, it has also come with large and long term costs. The Republican Party has ceased to offer serious proposals for fixing the nation’s growing challenges. Just look at how confused they are about repealing and replacing of Obamacare. Republicans control Congress and the White House, and yet nobody’s sure what they’re actually going to do.
Of course partisanship is part of politics, and some might think things have always been this way. But it’s not really true. Surveys indicate that political tribalism in America is growing.
According to a 2014 Pew study, the Democratic and Republican parties are more ideologically pure and further from the center than they were twenty years ago; and highly committed political partisans have greater contempt for the other side than they did in the past. According to the survey, some partisans even view the other party as a threat to the nation. This bad situation is aggravated by the fact that people are more ideologically insulated than they used to be. They limit their circle of friends to people who hold the same political views, and some even choose where to live based on whether or not their neighbors share the same political affiliation!
The worst part, however, is that these hyper-partisans aren’t even in the majority. What they are is politically active, more so than the rest of us, and that allows them to push the parties toward the extremes. Their extremism, in turn, is leading to the factionalization of America.
Factions are dangerous; they represent one of the threats to democracy our Founding Fathers feared most. James Madison defined a faction as a group of citizens resolutely pursuing its relative interests at the expense of the common good. He believed that, since to some degree factionalization was inevitable, the negative effects of factionalization had to be intentionally curbed and controlled in order for democracy to survive.
The problem with politics today is that we’ve stopped curbing factions. Americans are pragmatic people who want practical solutions, and they know pragmatism means compromise. But because our political parties are completely uncompromising, nothing ever gets done. In order to fix this, we need to find ways to curb unfettered factionalism.
The best thing would be to motivate mainstream, centrist voters to get more involved in the political process. But centrist voters are turned off by the parties. Increasing centrist involvement requires reforming our system. It means introducing things like nonpartisan redistricting, open primaries, and campaign finance reform. It also means advocating and organizing support for centrist candidates whenever they appear.
Without these needed candidates and reforms we are in for even more factionalization. That's why I joined the Centrist Project, because it's committed to bringing about the kind of change we need.
David Baer is a Centrist Project contributor with his own blog at https://hdavidbaer.com/